Author: Exploring Space

New AI mapping algorithm discovers 6,000 new c…

Toronto, Canada (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

Wanting to make their job a little easier, researchers at the University of Toronto developed a new artificial intelligence algorithm that helped them identify 6,000 previously unseen craters on Earth’s moon.

Researchers first trained the neural network on 90,000 images that covered two-thirds of the moon’s surface before testing its ability to detect craters on the remaining third portion
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Airbus delivers new life support system for th…

Friedrichshafen, Germany (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

Airbus has delivered the ACLS (Advanced Closed Loop System), an advanced life support system to purify air and produce oxygen for the International Space Station (ISS). The system also produces water, more or less as a by-product of the technology. ACLS was developed by Airbus for the European Space Agency (ESA) and is set to be used as a technology demonstrator on the ISS from summer 2018.

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NASA Marshall advances 3-D printed rocket engi…

Huntsville AL (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

Rocket engine nozzles operate in extreme temperatures and pressures from the combustion process and are complex and expensive to manufacture. That is why a team of engineers at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, developed and proved out a new additive manufacturing technique for nozzle fabrication that can greatly reduce costs and development time.

A new process ca
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Predicting the Lifespan of Materials in Space

Cleveland OH (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

Almost every product we use has a shelf life. From milk and meat to laundry detergent and batteries, it’s important to know when it’s safe to use a product, and when it’s time to replace it. But what about materials used for spacecraft?

It is vital for scientists to know exactly how long a material will last in outer space; which is why Kim de Groh, a senior materials research engineer at
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Cosmologists create largest simulation of gala…

Washington DC (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

Humans have long tried to explain how stars came to light up the night sky. The wide array of theories throughout history have one common (and correct) governing principle that astrophysicists still use to this day: by understanding the stars and their origins, we learn more about where we come from.

However, the vastness of our galaxy – let alone our entire universe – means experiments to
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ESA testing detection of floating plastic litt…

Paris (ESA) Mar 20, 2018

The millions of tonnes of plastic ending up in the oceans every year are a global challenge. ESA is responding by looking at the detection of marine plastic litter from space, potentially charting its highest concentrations and understanding the gigantic scale of the problem.

We dump around 10 million tonnes of plastic in the oceans annually. Though most conspicuous along coastlines, plast
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Mars’ oceans formed early, possibly aided by m…

Berkeley CA (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars’ putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million years earlier and were not as deep as once thought.

The proposal by geophysicists at the University of California, Berkeley, links the existence of oceans early in Mars history to the rise of the solar system’s largest volcanic syste
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Opportunity Mars Rover brushes a new rock targ…

Pasadena CA (JPL) Mar 20, 2018

Opportunity is continuing the exploration of “Perseverance Valley” on the west rim of Endeavour Crater.

The rover is positioned about halfway down the approximately 656 feet (200 meter) valley. Opportunity is continuing the imaging survey at each rover location within the valley. In addition to both Navigation Camera (Navcam) and Panoramic Camera (Pancam) panoramas, targeted Pancam multi-s
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Scientists detect radio echoes of a black hole…

Boston MA (SPX) Mar 20, 2018

On Nov. 11, 2014, a global network of telescopes picked up signals from 300 million light years away that were created by a tidal disruption flare – an explosion of electromagnetic energy that occurs when a black hole rips apart a passing star. Since this discovery, astronomers have trained other telescopes on this very rare event to learn more about how black holes devour matter and regulate th
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